Nursery Management System

BX1 System for oil palm

The Advanced System for Oil Palm Seedling Production

The traditional method of raising oil palm seedlings in polybags during the pre-nursery stage has remained largely unchanged for over 50 years. The ever increasing cost for oil palm planting materials today has made it necessary, even urgent, to address the following concerns: use of inputs such as soil, water, fertilizers and pesticides; difficulty and cost of procuring agricultural workers; efficiency in maintaining and moving planting materials; and losses due to culling and mortality.

The BX1 system incorporates a number of innovations that provides solutions to the concerns mentioned above. The system offers the prospect of significant savings to operators of oil palm pre-nurseries.

The BX1 system was developed by Humibox (M) Sdn Bhd. Developmental work on the system began in 2004 and after much testing it was put into the market in 2008. Basically, the system involves the following:

  • suitable plug trays and growing media
  • shelter to protect the system from rain and reduce the intensity of sunlight, and pool to water and feed the seedlings.

A primary feature of the system is that the BX1 media (MD 9) and depth of the water in which the plug trays sit is always maintained within a narrow range. In this way the seedlings are constantly supplied with water and nutrients.

Step 1: BX1 system in wooden plant house Step 2:	Filling plug trays with ready-mixed media Step 3:	Sowing germinated seeds Step 4:	Automatic water system: Water supplied on demand Step 5:	Applying pesticide and foliar fertiliser Step 6:	Loading seedlings onto plastic containers Step 7: Transplanting into main nursery

Advantages of the BX1 System

Inputs Conventional System BX1 System
Space requirement Density: 100 seedlings/m2 Density: 325 seedlings/m2
Media filling rate 1,000 bags/man-day 5,000 cells/man-day
Sowing rate 2,500 seeds/man-day 5,000 seeds/man-day
Use of water 2 times/day Top-up 2 times/week
Weed problem Big problem Little or no problem
Load per lorry 3,000 seedlings/3 ton lorry 20,000 seedlings/3 ton lorry
Use of fertilizer Laborious and can be difficult to apply, also wasteful Easily and precisely applied with minimal wastage
User of pesticides Residual effects tends to be short due to frequent watering Protection from rain and absence of overhead irrigation give better residual effect when pesticides are applied
Transplanting rate Approximately 10 seedlings/man-hour 80 seedlings/man-hour
Phytosanitary concern Only bare-root seedlings acceptable by plant quarantine authorities Seedlings with roots and media likely to be accepted by plant quarantine authorities

We also supply plug trays, growing media, foliar fertilizers, water control devices, stands and tables, greenhouse, shade netting, UV plastic sheet for BX1 System.